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Foreign Policy 101Jul 24, 2012
Since President Abraham Lincoln notarized his most memorable line ever- "Beware of Foreign Entanglements," America's relationship with the international community is still a hot debate in every presidential term. Read Intern John Hall's breakdown on Romney and Obama's opposing views.
The 2012 Presidential race is shaping up to be an interesting match between two diametrically opposed candidates. Today, Mitt Romney expanded how different he is when he presented his foreign policy plan to the Veterans of Foreign Wars convention in Reno, NV. Although President Barack Obama has cut defense spending in an effort to balance the budget, Mitt Romney proposed to increase defense spending. The theory behind the increase is to strengthen America’s military presence around the world. According to a speech Mitt Romney gave on Foreign policy on October 7, 2011, his foreign policy hinges on four core principles, which are: First, clarity and resolve. Mitt Romney believes that if the United States had a strong backbone that did not bend to political pressure, our allies and enemies would know where we stood. Second, promote open market (unregulated capitalism), representative governments (democracy), and respect for human rights. Third, apply both hard and soft power to influence events before they erupt into conflict. Fourth, exercise the position of leadership in multilateral organizations and alliances.
While President Barack Obama does not negate the need for being militarily strong, the guiding principle in his foreign policy is to utilize the strength of American values. Within President Barack Obama’s national security strategy he cites that the interconnectedness of America’s economy to it’s presence in the world is undeniable. Therefore, in order to strengthen America’s presence in the world, the economy needs to improve. Furthermore, America needs to engage other nations, institutions, and people around the world based on mutual interest and mutual respect. While the power of America’s military is important, President Barack Obama believes that Diplomacy is the fundamental need of America. This is essentially why Secretary of State Hillary Clinton is the most traveled Secretary of State in the history of the United States.